NAFTA signing.  October 1992.  San Antonio, Texas.
photo courtesy of the Bush Library &  The National Archives
back row left to right:  Salinas,  Bush Sr.,  and Mulroney

  North American Free Trade Agreement

Established free-trade zone in Mexico, Canada, and the United States. Eliminated tariffs and removed investment barriers within the three nations.

Signed by Mexican President Carlos Salinas, American President Bill Clinton, and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney in 1992.

Became effective January 1, 1994.

Click to view official NAFTA document


Brian Mulroney
Prime Minister of Canada
Progressive Conservative.
1984 - 1993

Wins vote in 1984 with the largest majority in Canadian history.

Retires as Prime Minister of Canada in 1993 with a lower personal popularity than that of any other Prime Minister in Canadian history.

Following his term, The Progressive Conservative Party entered a struggle to maintain its existence.

Susan Munroe at Canada Online



Carlos Salinas de Gortari
Mexican President
1988 to 1994.

According to J. Ramón Gil-García at the Rockefeller Foundation:

Salinas was identified as an authoritarian president, even more so than his predecessors, and sometimes he seemed to be against the democratic system.

Salinas took advantage of the unique features of the Mexican political system, and used political pressure and selective incentives to influence congressmen and to control peasants’ leaders.

In 1995, after countless disgraces, Salinas is forced to leave Mexico. He currently lives in Ireland.


George Bush Senior
Conservative Republican
U.S. President
1988 - 1991
Negotiates NAFTA

Bill Clinton
U.S. President
1992 - 2000

The House of Representatives
approved NAFTA,
234 to 200
November 17, 1993

The Senate
approves NAFTA
60 to 38
November 20, 1993. Becomes laws with Presidential Signature December 8, 1993

View White House Press Release September 14, 1993

I know my FTA's

UAW urges Bush to reject NAFTA

Bush works to expand NAFTA

Neoliberalism and its Effects on Rural Livelihood in Chiapas
Thesis by Chris Benoit